FAMILY SPHINGIDAE
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Amplypterus panopus Cramer
Sphinx panopus Cramer. 1779, Uitl. Kapell., 3: 50.
Compsogene panopus Cramer; Rothschild & Jordan, 1903: 189.


Amplypterus panopus
(.65 natural size)


Diagnosis.
This is a striking species which can only be confused with its only congener, A. mansoni Clark, illustrated by Diehl (1980). A. mansoni has a much more irregularly fasciated hindwing, and narrower forewings that are paler, more unicolorous, less pink, with a more even, narrower, less angular, dark marginal band. It has not been recorded from Borneo, though it occurs in Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra.

Geographical range. Oriental tropics to Philippines, Sulawesi and Java.

Habitat preference. Harman (1981) found the species to be frequent mainly in forest areas, though the few specimens taken on G. Kinabalu and during the Mulu survey were in open habitats.

Biology. In Java the larva is greyish green, granular, with a yellow subdorsal line and seven oblique yellow lateral bands (Dupont & Roepke, 1941). A rare form is yellow with reddish brown oblique bands. The horn is very long and smooth, slightly upcurved. The Indian larva illustrated by Bell & Scott (1937) is similar, generally paler green dorsally.

Recorded host-plants (Bell & Scott, 1937; Dupont & Roepke, 1941; Barlow, 1982) are: Dracontomelum, Mangifera, Rhus (Anacardiaceae); Durio (Bombacaceae); Calophyllum, Garcinia, (Guttiferae).

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