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Agnidra Moore

Type species: specularia Walker, Sri Lanka.

Synonym: Zanclalbara Inoue (type species scabiosa Butler, Japan).

The genus was revised by Watson (1968). The species are buff, yellowish brown or yellowish grey, with typical 'hooktip' shape. The pattern is usually characterised by pale, translucent patches medially, more extensive on the forewing. The postmedial, when distinct, is double, oblique on the forewing. The male antennae are usually bipectinate from the base to beyond the centre; those of the female are usually uniserrate.

Diagnostic features of the male abdomen include: an eighth sternite with characteristic lateral sclerites in most species; a variably shaped uncus from bifurcate to entire or absent; socii well developed, usually narrow, tapering. The valves are simple, often with slender processes, from the base of the costa.

In the female, the ovipositor lobes are sometimes together ring-like, each with a small ventral lobe. The ductus bursae is elongate, broadening gently into the bursa, which contains usually a longitudinally, scobinate, band-like signum.

The genus contains ten Oriental species, only one of which is found in Sundaland, the rest being distributed through the mainland Asian tropics and subtropics.

Sugi (1987) illustrated the larva of scabiosa in Japan. It is rich pale brown, broadly variegated in a triangular pattern reminiscent of some Notodontidae such as Cerura Schrank. The posture is also similar, with the prolegs gripping the substrate and the anterior and posterior parts of the body held away. The anal process is well developed, and the thorax is rather swollen, with an obtuse conical projection dorsally on T3.

The host-plant recorded was Quercus (Fagaceae). Teramoto (1993, 1996) recorded additionally Castanea in the same family.

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