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Paramaxates Warren

Type species: vagata Walker, India.

Synonym: Lissolica Swinhoe (type species polygrapharia Walker).

The wings above are characteristically irregularly mottled green, brown, grey, blackish and fawn, with less green and stronger dark gray markings below. The wing margins are irregularly dentate, with central angles on both, obtuse on the forewing, acute on the hindwing, even centrally bidentate. The male antennae are filiform, unusually lacking in ciliae.

The male abdomen has a pair of setal patches on the third sternite. The eighth segment is strongly modified, the tergite broad, pincer-like, the sternite much narrower, but with prominent apodemes. There are coremata laterally on the eighth segment. The genitalia have prominent horn-like socii separated at the base by a small triangular or ovate uncal plate. The arms of the gnathus are slender, the apex distinctly produced, acute. There are prominent coremata, with the vinculum looped on each side to accommodate them. The aedeagus vesica is relatively large and, unusually for the Geometrini, invested with conspicuous cornuti.

In the female the ovipositor lobes are unmodified, more of a general geometrid type. The ostium is usually broad, pocket-like, the ductus and bursa variable in shape. When present, the signum is bicornute.

The genus is moderately diverse in the Oriental tropics, extending no further east than Sulawesi. Yazaki (1988b) described a number of new taxa, identifying a rather complex situation in the cluster of species around the type species. Further investigation here has revealed even greater complexity, as discussed under P. yazakii sp. n.

The only host-plant record is from Fagaceae.

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