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Eucyclodes Warren

Type species: buprestaria Guenée, Tasmania.

Synonyms: Anisozyga Prout (type species pieroides Walker, Queensland) syn. n. (replacement name for Anisogamia Warren, praeocc.); Chloromachia Warren (type species divapala Walker) syn. n.; Chlorostrota Warren (type species praeampla Warren, N.E. Himalaya) syn. n.; Felicia Thierry-Mieg (type species caledonica Thierry-Mieg, New Caledonia) syn. n.; Galactochlora Warren (type species nivestrota Warren
= pulchella Warren, New Guinea) syn. n.; Lophomachia Prout (type species semialba Walker) syn. n.; Ochrognesia Warren (type species difficta Warren, China) syn. n.; Osteosema Warren (type species sanguilineata Moore, Bengal) syn. n.

Eucyclodes is the oldest name (with page priority over Ochrognesia and Osteosema) for the numerous taxa that represent the Nemoriiti in the Indo Australian tropics (Geometrini). No clear subdivisions have been detected amongst these taxa, and identification of characters defining such subdivisions, if they occur, will require revision of the group as a whole, much as was undertaken by Pitkin (1993) for the New World taxa.

The genus Chlorodes Guenée is represented by a single species in Tasmania. It has male genitalia of the basic Nemoriiti pattern, though the valve is simple, but very distinctive facies: the forewings have the green traversed by strong white bands, dentate or angled, and the hindwings are almost pure white.

The general features of the tribe are discussed on (Geometrini) and are common to Eucyclodes species. The uncus of the male genitalia is usually long, apically spatulate and often bilobed. The facies is variable, usually consisting of white blotches and lines on deep emerald green. Many taxa are sexually dimorphic, females tending to have the white areas of the respective males, suffused with red or blackish scales. In the hindwing veins Rs and M1, and M3 and CuA1, are more consistently stalked (Fig 3) than in New World taxa. The male antennae vary from ciliate through serrate and narrowly bipectinate to broadly bipectinate. The male third sternite usually, but not always, has two patches of setae, and these tend to be large, sparse when they occur. The female genitalia are highly variable. The signum when it occurs is bicornute or a transverse ridge. The ovipositor lobes are rather rounded, less oblique than in the typical modified geometrine form, but have the characteristic rather papillate setation.

Biological information on the genus has been located in Balciunas et al. (1993), Bell (MS), Bigger (1988), McFarland (1988), Moore (1884-7), Nakajima & Sato (1979), Sevastopulo (1946) and Singh (1956).

The larva is characterised by prominent dorsolateral flanges from the thoracic and anterior abdominal segments (Bigger, 1988: Plate 20) and a characteristic hunched resting posture. These features also occur in Neotropical Nemoriiti (Ferguson, 1985; Pitkin, 1993) and in the Comibaeniti (Comibaena Hübner).

Pupation is in an intricate and well-formed cocoon that incorporates leaves, shoots, frass and other debris.

The larvae are mostly recorded as feeding from young leaf tissue, shoots, buds, flowers and green fruit of a wide range of plant families: Combretaceae (Terminalia); Lauraceae (Cassytha); Leguminosae (Acacia, Cassia); Loranthaceae (Loranthus); Melastomataceae (Memecylon); Myrsinaceae (Maesa); Myrtaceae (guava, Callistemon, Eucalyptus, Eugenia, Melaleuca, Myrtella (= Fenzla), Myrtus); Proteaceae (Macadamia); Sapindaceae (Dodonaea); Theaceae (Eurya). New World Nemoriiti are also recorded from a very wide range of plant families (Pitkin, 1993: 64).

The genus is widespread and speciose in the Indo-Australian tropics, but exhibits its greatest diversity in New Guinea.

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